Übersetzung im Kontext von „Yemen“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: in yemen, repubblica dello yemen. Die nächstgelegene deutsche Auslandsvertretung ist zwar die deutsche Botschaft in Riad, Saudi-Arabien. Die Dienstgeschäfte für Jemen werden. Jemen (Deutsch)Bearbeiten · Substantiv, m, n, ToponymBearbeiten · Singular 1 · Singular 2.
Yemen Deutsch Navigation und Service
Die Republik Jemen (amtlich Jemenitische Republik, arabisch الجمهورية اليمنية, DMG des Jemen (arabisch); Länderinformationen des Auswärtigen Amtes zum Jemen · Deutsche Botschaft in Sanaa · Jemenitische Botschaft in Deutschland. Die Geschichte des Jemen umfasst die Entwicklungen auf dem Gebiet der Jemenitischen November wurde auch der deutsche ARD-Auslandskorrespondent Walter Mechtel in Aden erschossen. Die britische Regierung beschloss, die. Die nächstgelegene deutsche Auslandsvertretung ist zwar die deutsche Botschaft in Riad, Saudi-Arabien. Die Dienstgeschäfte für Jemen werden. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Yemen“ in Italienisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: in yemen, repubblica dello yemen. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Yemen“ in Spanisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Estamos encarcelados en Yemen por terrorismo. Diktator Ali A. Saleh haben die Jemeniten vertrieben, doch der Jemen ist Greenpeace: Deutsche Waffenexporte verletzen systematisch Grundsätze. Der Bürgerkrieg im Jemen ist laut UN die größte humanitäre Krise weltweit. In einem persönlichen Bericht schildert ein jemenitischer Journalist.
Der Bürgerkrieg im Jemen ist laut UN die größte humanitäre Krise weltweit. In einem persönlichen Bericht schildert ein jemenitischer Journalist. Übersetzung Spanisch-Deutsch für Yemen im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Yemen" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Übersetzung Spanisch-Deutsch für Yemen im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Jemen (Deutsch)Bearbeiten · Substantiv, m, n, ToponymBearbeiten · Singular 1 · Singular 2. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "Yemen" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen.
Yemen Deutsch Dramatische VersorgungslageJemen wurden von Protesten erschüttert, die brutal unterdrückt wurden. Im gegenwärtigen Bürgerkrieg besteht eine grobe Hauptkonfliktlinie zwischen den Huthi, die von der Hisbollah unterstützt und vom Iran mit Waffen versorgt werden, und ihren Gegnern um den international anerkannten Präsidenten Hadi, die ihre Waffen aus Saudi-Arabien erhalten. Merkblätter zu häufigen Infektions- und Tropenkrankheiten zum Download. Wir Td Bank Online Banking wegen Terrorismus im Knast, im Jemen. Zum Bergland hin entspricht die Vegetation der einer Dornbuschsavanne. Otherwise your message will be regarded as spam. Weiter Slotmaschine Gratis Online das Land Fisch in sehr begrenztem Umfang. Beispiele für die Übersetzung jemenitischen ansehen 18 Beispiele mit Übereinstimmungen.
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Yemeni Minister of Planning: Delayed inspection and maintenance of the Safir reservoir could lead to a serious environmental disaster.
King Salman: We affirm the support of the Yemeni people so that Yemen can regain its sovereignty from Iran's hegemony. Military sources: Two experts from the Lebanese Hezbollah and 13 Houthis were killed in a raid that targeted a site in Arhab, north of Sanaa, used by the Houthis for training and launching explosive drones.
The Saudi-led Arab coalition announces the interception and destruction of an explosive drone launched by the Houthi militia towards Saudi Arabia.
Pompeo: Iranian-backed Houthi militia attacks threaten the security of the region. Turki Al-Maliki: We continue to destroy the qualitative capabilities of the Houthi militia.
The Saudi-led Arab coalition announces the interception and destruction of a ballistic missile launched by the Houthi militia towards Jizan, southwest of Saudi Arabia.
Arab Coalition: Addressing a hostile threat to destroy two air targets aiming towards Saudi Arabia to target civilians. State Dept. Arab Coalition: Houthi attempts to target civilians are a terrorist act in violation of international law.
All have been attacked in recent years by Houthis missiles and drones. Show patterns instead colors. Turkey, Qatar, Pakistan.
Different rebel forces, protesters. Al Qaeda, Taliban, Al Shabab. Conservative, traditional or far-right personalities and organizations illiberal compared to usual blue color.
Islamic State organization. Non-aligned, Nature. Road accidents, cars. Artillery, MLRS. Airplanes, jets. Yemen Experience — Your gateway to nature There is no other place for travellers seeking to rejuvenate by getting closer to nature!
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The British responded by moving quickly towards Tihama and occupying al-Hudaydah. Then they handed it over to their Idrisi allies. The British bombed Yahya's tribal forces using aircraft to which the tribes had no effective counter.
In , Imam Yahya captured al-Hudaydah from the Idrisids. According to Imam Yahya, the Idrisis, along with the British, were nothing but recent intruders and should be driven out of Yemen permanently.
This created a great deal of anxiety for the British, who interpreted it as recognition of Imam Yahya's claim to sovereignty over Greater Yemen, which included the Aden protectorate and Asir.
However, in , the Idrisis broke their accord with Ibn Saud and went back to Imam Yahya seeking help against Ibn Saud himself, who had begun liquidating their authority and expressed his desire to annex those territories into his own Saudi domain.
Ibn Saud appealed to Britain for aid. After a military confrontation, Ibn Saud announced a ceasefire in May Imam Yahya ceded the three provinces of Najran, Asir, and Jazan for 20 years.
The imam recognized the British sovereignty over Aden protectorate for 40 years. According to Bernard Reich, Professor of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University , Yahya could have done better by reorganizing the Zaydi tribes of the northern highlands as his ancestors did against the Turks and British intruders and turn the lands they captured into another graveyard.
Starting in , hundreds of Yemeni people from Hajz, Al-Baetha, and Taiz migrated to Aden to work at ports, and as labourers. This helped the population of Aden once again become predominantly Arab after, having been declared a free zone, it had become mostly foreigners.
The Colony of Aden was divided into an eastern colony and a western colony. Those were further divided into 23 sultanates and emirates, and several independent tribes that had no relationships with the sultanates.
The deal between the sultanates and Britain detailed protection and complete control of foreign relations by the British. The Sultanate of Lahej was the only one in which the sultan was referred to as His Highness.
Arab nationalism made an impact in some circles who opposed the lack of modernization efforts in the Mutawakkilite monarchy. This became apparent when Imam Ahmad bin Yahya died in He was succeeded by his son, but army officers attempted to seize power, sparking the North Yemen Civil War.
Egypt provided the rebels with weapons and financial assistance, but also sent a large military force to participate in the fighting.
Israel covertly supplied weapons to the royalists to keep the Egyptian military busy in Yemen and make Nasser less likely to initiate a conflict in the Sinai.
After six years of civil war, the military rebels were victorious February and formed the Yemen Arab Republic. The revolution in the north coincided with the Aden Emergency , which hastened the end of British rule in the south.
This socialist state was later officially known as the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen and a programme of nationalisation was begun. Relations between the two Yemeni states fluctuated between peaceful and hostile.
The South was supported by the Eastern bloc. The North, however, was not able to get the same connections. In , the two states fought a war.
The war was resolved with a ceasefire and negotiations brokered by the Arab League , where it was declared that unification would eventually occur.
This included Saudi Arabia. In , fresh fighting between the two states resumed and efforts were renewed to bring about unification.
Thousands were killed in in the South Yemen Civil War. President Ali Nasser Muhammad fled to the north and was later sentenced to death for treason.
A new government formed. In , the two governments reached a full agreement on the joint governing of Yemen, and the countries were merged on 22 May , with Saleh as President.
After the invasion of Kuwait crisis in , Yemen's president opposed military intervention from non-Arab states. In the absence of strong state institutions, elite politics in Yemen constituted a de facto form of collaborative governance , where competing tribal, regional, religious, and political interests agreed to hold themselves in check through tacit acceptance of the balance it produced.
Following food riots in major towns in , a new coalition government made up of the ruling parties from both the former Yemeni states was formed in However, Vice President al-Beidh withdrew to Aden in August and said he would not return to the government until his grievances were addressed.
These included northern violence against his Yemeni Socialist Party , as well as the economic marginalization of the south. An accord between northern and southern leaders was signed in Amman , Jordan on 20 February , but this could not stop the civil war.
Ali Abdullah Saleh became Yemen's first directly elected president in the presidential election , winning In October , 17 U. President George W.
Bush that Yemen was a partner in his War on Terror. In , violence surrounded a referendum , which apparently supported extending Saleh's rule and powers.
The Shia insurgency in Yemen began in June when dissident cleric Hussein Badreddin al-Houthi , head of the Zaidi Shia sect, launched an uprising against the Yemeni government.
The rebels counter that they are "defending their community against discrimination" and government aggression. In , at least 36 people were killed in clashes across the country between police and protesters over rising fuel prices.
In the presidential election , held on 20 September, Saleh won with His main rival, Faisal bin Shamlan , received A suicide bomber killed eight Spanish tourists and two Yemenis in the province of Marib in July A series of bomb attacks occurred on police, official, diplomatic, foreign business, and tourism targets in Car bombings outside the U.
In , an opposition rally in Sana'a demanding electoral reform was met with police gunfire. The Yemeni army launched a fresh offensive against the Shia insurgents in , assisted by Saudi forces.
Tens of thousands of people were displaced by the fighting. A new ceasefire was agreed upon in February However, by the end of the year, Yemen claimed that 3, soldiers had been killed in renewed fighting.
The Shia rebels accused Saudi Arabia of providing support to salafi groups to suppress Zaidism in Yemen. On orders from U. President Barack Obama , U.
Another airstrike was carried out on 24 December. The U. In , the Obama administration policy allowed targeting of people whose names are not known.
ISIL has claimed recent, bloody suicide bombings in Houthi mosques and Sana'a when it once had no known presence in the country, while AQAP has continued to seize territory in eastern Yemen unhindered by American drone strikes.
It did not injure any civilians. The Yemeni revolution followed other Arab Spring mass protests in early The uprising was initially against unemployment, economic conditions, and corruption, as well as against the government's proposals to modify the constitution of Yemen so that Saleh's son could inherit the presidency.
In March , police snipers opened fire on a pro-democracy camp in Sana'a, killing more than 50 people. In May, dozens were killed in clashes between troops and tribal fighters in Sana'a.
By this point, Saleh began to lose international support. On 23 November , Saleh flew to Riyadh, in neighbouring Saudi Arabia, to sign the Gulf Co-operation Council plan for political transition, which he had previously spurned.
Upon signing the document, he agreed to legally transfer the office and powers of the presidency to his deputy, Vice President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi.
Hadi took office for a two-year term upon winning the uncontested presidential elections in February Al-Hadi would oversee the drafting of a new constitution, followed by parliamentary and presidential elections in Saleh returned in February In the face of objections from thousands of street protesters, parliament granted him full immunity from prosecution.
Saleh's son, General Ahmed Ali Abdullah Saleh , continues to exercise a strong hold on sections of the military and security forces.
AQAP claimed responsibility for a February suicide attack on the presidential palace that killed 26 Republican Guards on the day that President Hadi was sworn in.
AQAP was also behind a suicide bombing that killed 96 soldiers in Sana'a three months later. In September , a car bomb attack in Sana'a killed 11 people, a day after a local al-Qaeda leader Said al-Shihri was reported killed in the south.
By , there has been a "small contingent of U. The central government in Sana'a remained weak, staving off challenges from southern separatists and Shia rebels as well as AQAP.
The Shia insurgency intensified after Hadi took power, escalating in September as anti-government forces led by Abdul-Malik al-Houthi swept into the capital and forced Hadi to agree to a "unity" government.
Abdul-Malik al-Houthi, a cousin of the new acting president, called the takeover a "glorious revolution. Hadi managed to flee from Sana'a to Aden, his hometown and stronghold in the south , on 21 February He promptly gave a televised speech rescinding his resignation, condemning the coup, and calling for recognition as the constitutional president of Yemen.
All U. On 26 March , Saudi Arabia announced Operation Decisive Storm and began airstrikes and announced its intentions to lead a military coalition against the Houthis , whom they claimed were being aided by Iran , and began a force buildup along the Yemeni border.
The United States announced that it was assisting with intelligence, targeting, and logistics. Saudi Arabia and Egypt would not rule out ground operations.
After Hadi troops took control of Aden from Houthis, jihadist groups became active in the city, and some terrorist incidents were linked to them such as Missionaries of Charity attack in Aden on 4 March More than 50, children in Yemen died from starvation in Many of the islands are volcanic; for example Jabal al-Tair had a volcanic eruption in , and before that in Although mainland Yemen is in the southern Arabian Peninsula and thus part of Asia , and its Hanish Islands and Perim in the Red Sea are associated with Asia, the archipelago of Socotra, which lies east of the horn of Somalia and is much closer to Africa than to Asia.
Yemen can be divided geographically into four main regions: the coastal plains in the west, the western highlands, the eastern highlands, and the Rub' al Khali in the east.
Despite the aridity, the presence of many lagoons makes this region very marshy and a suitable breeding ground for malaria mosquitos.
Extensive crescent-shaped sand dunes are present. The evaporation in the Tihamah is so great that streams from the highlands never reach the sea, but they do contribute to extensive groundwater reserves.
Today, these are heavily exploited for agricultural use. The Tihamah ends abruptly at the escarpment of the western highlands.
Temperatures are warm in the day but fall dramatically at night. Perennial streams occur in the highlands, but these never reach the sea because of high evaporation in the Tihamah.
This area is drier than the western highlands because of rain-shadow influences, but still receives sufficient rain in wet years for extensive cropping.
Water storage allows for irrigation and the growing of wheat and barley. Sana'a is in this region. It is populated only by Bedouin herders of camels.
The growing scarcity of water is a source of increasing international concern. See Water supply and sanitation in Yemen.
The flora of Yemen is a mixture of the tropical African, Sudanian plant geographical region and the Saharo-Arabian region.
The Sudanian element—characterized by relatively high rainfall—dominates the western mountains and parts of the highland plains.
The Saharo-Arabian element dominates in the coastal plains, eastern mountain, and the eastern and northern desert plains. A high percentage of Yemen plants belong to tropical African plants of Sudanian regions.
Among the Sudanian element species, the following may be mentioned: Ficus spp. Many of the Saharo-Arabian species are endemic to the extensive sandy coastal plain the Tihamah.
Among the fauna, the Arabian leopard , which would inhabit the mountains, is considered rare here. Yemen is a republic with a bicameral legislature.
Under the constitution, an elected president, an elected seat Assembly of Representatives , and an appointed member Shura Council share power.
The President is the head of state , and the Prime Minister is the head of government. In Sana'a, a Supreme Political Council not recognized internationally forms the government.
The constitution provides that the president be elected by popular vote from at least two candidates endorsed by at least 15 members of the Parliament.
The prime minister, in turn, is appointed by the president and must be approved by two-thirds of the Parliament.
The presidential term of office is seven years, and the parliamentary term of elected office is six years. Suffrage is universal for people age 18 and older, but only Muslims may hold elected office.
President Ali Abdullah Saleh became the first elected President in reunified Yemen in though he had been President of unified Yemen since and president of North Yemen since He was re-elected to office in September Saleh's victory was marked by an election that international observers judged was "partly free," though the election was accompanied by violence, violations of press freedoms, and allegations of fraud.
Saleh remained almost uncontested in his seat of power until , when local frustration at his refusal to hold another round of elections, as combined with the impact of the Arab Spring, resulted in mass protests.
The constitution calls for an independent judiciary. The former northern and southern legal codes have been unified.
The legal system includes separate commercial courts and a Supreme Court based in Sana'a. Sharia is the main source of laws, with many court cases being debated according to the religious basis of law and many judges being religious scholars as well as legal authorities.
The geography and ruling imams of North Yemen kept the country isolated from foreign influence before The country's relations with Saudi Arabia were defined by the Taif Agreement of , which delineated the northernmost part of the border between the two kingdoms and set the framework for commercial and other intercourse.
The Taif Agreement has been renewed periodically in year increments, and its validity was reaffirmed in Relations with the British colonial authorities in Aden and the south were usually tense.
Following the September revolution, the Yemen Arab Republic became closely allied with and heavily dependent upon Egypt. Saudi Arabia aided the royalists in their attempt to defeat the Republicans and did not recognize the Yemen Arab Republic until At the same time, Saudi Arabia maintained direct contact with Yemeni tribes, which sometimes strained its official relations with the Yemeni Government.
Saudi Arabia remained hostile to any form of political and social reform in Yemen  and continued to provide financial support for tribal elites.
In February , North Yemen joined Iraq, Jordan, and Egypt in forming the Arab Cooperation Council ACC , an organization created partly in response to the founding of the Gulf Cooperation Council and intended to foster closer economic cooperation and integration among its members.
Yemen is not a member of the Gulf Cooperation Council mainly for its republican government. Yemen is a member of the United Nations, the Arab League , and the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation , and also participates in the nonaligned movement.
Since the end of the civil war, tangible progress has been made on the diplomatic front in restoring normal relations with Yemen's neighbors.
In the summer of , Yemen and Saudi Arabia signed an International Border Treaty settling a year-old dispute over the location of the border between the two countries.
Until the signing of the Yemen-Saudi Arabia peace treaty in July ,  Yemen's northern border was undefined; the Arabian Desert prevented any human habitation there.
Yemen settled its dispute with Eritrea over the Hanish Islands in The Saudi — Yemen barrier was constructed by Saudi Arabia against an influx of illegal immigrants and against the smuggling of drugs and weapons.
As a result of funding cuts, the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs UNOCHA stated that the UN agencies were forced to either close or reduce more than 75 per cent of its programs that year alone, affecting more than 8 million people.
Saudi Arabia had been leading a Western-backed military coalition, including the United Arab Emirates as a key member, which intervened in Yemen in , in a bid to restore the government ousted from power by the Houthi movement.
The government and its security forces, often considered to suffer from rampant corruption,  have been responsible for torture, inhumane treatment, and extrajudicial executions.
There are arbitrary arrests of citizens, especially in the south, as well as arbitrary searches of homes. Prolonged pretrial detention is a serious problem, and judicial corruption, inefficiency, and executive interference undermine due process.
Freedom of speech, the press, and religion are all restricted. Since the start of the Shia insurgency, many people accused of supporting al-Houthi have been arrested and held without charge or trial.
According to the U. State Department International Religious Freedom Report , "Some Zaydis reported harassment and discrimination by the government because they were suspected of sympathizing with the al-Houthis.
However, it appears the Government's actions against the group were probably politically, not religiously, motivated. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants reported several violations of refugee and asylum seekers' rights in the organization's World Refugee Survey.
Yemeni authorities reportedly deported numerous foreigners without giving them access to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees , despite the UN's repeated requests.
Refugees further reported violence directed against them by Yemeni authorities while living in refugee camps. Yemeni officials reportedly raped and beat camp-based refugees with impunity in Yemen is ranked last of countries in the Global Gender Gap Report.
The onset of puberty interpreted by some to be as low as the age of nine was set as a requirement for marriage instead. On 30 June , a human rights group revealed the scale of torture and deaths in Yemen's unofficial detention centres.
UAE and Saudi forces were responsible for some of the most shocking treatment of prisoners, including being hung upside down for hours and sexual torture such as the burning of genitals.
The United States Department of State Trafficking in Persons report classified Yemen as a Tier 3 country,  meaning that its government does not fully comply with the minimum standards against human trafficking and is not making significant efforts to do so.
Yemen officially abolished slavery in ,  but it is still being practiced. The Human Right Watch on 14 September , demanded the interference caused by Houthi rebels and other authorities in Yemen aid operations to stop, as millions of lives dependent on the aid operations were being put at risk.
A major reorganization of the armed forces continues. The unified air forces and air defenses are now under one command.
The navy has concentration in Aden. Total armed forces manning numbers about , active personnel, including moreover especially conscripts. The number of military personnel in Yemen is relatively high; in sum, Yemen has the second largest military force on the Arabian Peninsula after Saudi Arabia.
In , total active troops were estimated as follows: army, ,; navy, 7,; and air force, 5, In September , the government announced the reinstatement of compulsory military service.
Yemen's defense budget, which in represented approximately 40 percent of the total government budget, is expected to remain high for the near term, as the military draft takes effect and internal security threats continue to escalate.
By , Yemen had , active personnel. As of the end of , Yemen was divided into twenty governorates muhafazat — the latest being Raymah Governorate, which was created during plus one municipality called "Amanat Al-Asemah" the latter containing the constitutional capital, Sana'a.
In , a constitutional panel decided to divide the country into six regions—four in the north, two in the south, and capital Sana'a outside of any region—creating a federalist model of governance.
Services are the largest economic sector Principal agricultural commodities produced in the nation include grain, vegetables, fruits, pulses , qat , coffee, cotton, dairy products, fish, livestock sheep, goats, cattle, camels , and poultry.
Most Yemenis are employed in agriculture. Cotton and many fruit trees are also grown, with mangoes being the most valuable.
A big problem in Yemen is the cultivation of Khat or qat , a psychoactive plant that releases a stimulant when chewed, and accounts for up to 40 percent of the water drawn from the Sana'a Basin each year, and that figure is rising.
Some agricultural practices are drying the Sana'a Basin and displaced vital crops, which has resulted in increasing food prices. Rising food prices, in turn, pushed an additional six percent of the country into poverty in alone.
Yemen's industrial sector is centred on crude oil production and petroleum refining, food processing, handicrafts, small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods, aluminum products, commercial ship repair, cement, and natural gas production.
In , Yemen had an industrial production growth rate of 4. The labor force was seven million workers in The main export commodities are crude oil, coffee, dried and salted fish, liquefied natural gas.
The main imported commodities are machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, livestock, and chemicals. These products were mainly imported from the EU Taxes and other revenues constituted roughly The public debt was Its inflation rate over the same period based on consumer prices was Beginning in the mids, the Soviet Union and China provided large-scale assistance.
In the south, pre-independence economic activity was overwhelmingly concentrated in the port city of Aden. The seaborne transit trade, which the port relied upon, collapsed with the temporary closure of the Suez Canal and Britain's withdrawal from Aden in Since the conclusion of the war, the government made an agreement with the International Monetary Fund IMF to implement a structural adjustment program.
Phase one of the program included major financial and monetary reforms, including floating the currency, reducing the budget deficit, and cutting subsidies.
Phase two addresses structural issues, such as civil service reform. A key challenge is severe water scarcity , especially in the Highlands, prompting The Times to write "Yemen could become first nation to run out of water.
Access to water supply sanitation is as low as in some sub-Saharan African countries. Yemen is both the poorest country and the most water-scarce country in the Arab world.
Third, the capacity of sector institutions to plan, build, operate and maintain infrastructure remains limited. Last but not least the security situation makes it even more difficult to improve or even maintain existing levels of service.
For example, in Sana'a, the water table was 30 metres 98 feet below surface in the s but had dropped to 1, metres 3, feet below surface by The groundwater has not been regulated by Yemen's governments.
Even before the revolution, Yemen's water situation had been described as increasingly dire by experts who worried that Yemen would be the first country to run out of water.
A large portion of Yemenis are dependent on small-scale subsistence agriculture. Half of the agricultural water in Yemen is used to grow khat , a drug that many Yemenis chew.
Due to the Yemeni civil war , the situation is increasingly dire. Bombing has forced many Yemenis to leave their homes for other areas, and so wells in those areas are under increasing pressure.
In , it was 4. It is the 30th highest in the world. According to Muqaddasi , Persians formed the majority of Aden's population in the 10th century.
Yemenite Jews once formed a sizable minority in Yemen with a distinct culture from other Jewish communities in the world.
Most of the prominent Indonesians , Malaysians , and Singaporeans of Arab descent are Hadhrami people with origins in southern Yemen in the Hadramawt coastal region.
The Maqil were a collection of Arab Bedouin tribes of Yemeni origin who migrated westwards via Egypt. Several groups of Yemeni Arabs turned south to Mauritania , and by the end of the 17th century, they dominated the entire country.
They can also be found throughout Morocco and in Algeria as well as in other North African Countries. Yemen is the only country in the Arabian Peninsula that is signatory to two international accords dating back to and governing the protection of refugees.
Refugees and asylum seekers living in Yemen were predominantly from Somalia , , Iraq 11, , Ethiopia 2, ,  and Syria.
The Yemeni diaspora is largely concentrated in neighbouring Saudi Arabia, where between , and 1 million Yemenis reside,  and the United Kingdom, home to between 70, and 80, Yemenis.
Modern Standard Arabic is the official language of Yemen, while Yemeni Arabic is used as the vernacular. In al Mahrah Governorate in the far east and the island of Socotra , several non-Arabic languages are spoken.
Yemen is part of the homeland of the South Semitic languages. Mehri is the largest South Semitic language spoken in the nation, with more than 70, speakers.
The ethnic group itself is called Mahra. Soqotri is another South Semitic language, with speakers on the island of Socotra isolated from the pressures of Arabic on the Yemeni mainland.
According to the census in Yemen, the number of speakers there was 57, Yemen was also home of the Old South Arabian languages.
The Razihi language appears to be the only remaining Old South Arabian language. English is the most important foreign language, being widely taught and spoken mostly in the south, a former British colony.
A small Cham -speaking community is found in the capital city of Sana'a, originating from refugees expatriated from Vietnam after the Vietnam War in the s.
Islam the state religion of Yemen. Shias are primarily Zaydi and also have significant minorities of Ismaili  and Twelver   Shias.
The Sunnis are predominantly in the south and southeast. The Zaidis are predominantly in the north and northwest whilst the Ismailis are in the main centres such as Sana'a and Ma'rib.
There are mixed communities in the larger cities. Estimates of the number of Christians in Yemen range from 25,  to 41, There are approximately 50 Jews left in Yemen.
Yemen is a culturally rich country with influence from many civilizations, such as the early civilization of Saba'.
Radio broadcasting in Yemen began in the s when it was still divided into the South by the British and the North by the Imami ruling system. However, it drew back after , due to destroyed infrastructure resulting from the civil war.
Television is the most significant media platform in Yemen. Given the low literacy rate in the country, television is the main source of news for Yemenis.
There are six free-to-air channels currently headquartered in Yemen, of which four are state-owned. The Yemeni film industry is in its early stages; only two Yemeni films have been released as of [update].
The history of Yemeni theatre dates back at least a century, to the early s. Both amateur and professional government-sponsored theatre troupes perform in the country's major urban centres.
Historically speaking, the southern port city of Aden is the cradle of Yemeni theatre; in recent decades the capital, Sana'a, has hosted numerous theatre festivals, often in conjunction with World Theatre Day.
Football is the most popular sport in Yemen. The Yemeni national football team participates internationally.
The country also hosts many football clubs. They compete in the national and international leagues. Yemen's mountains provide many opportunities for outdoor sports, such as biking , rock climbing , trekking , hiking , and other more challenging sports, including mountain climbing.
The coastal areas of Yemen and Socotra Island also provide many opportunities for water sports, such as surfing , bodyboarding , sailing , swimming , and scuba diving.
Socotra Island is home to some of the best surfing destinations in the world. Camel jumping is a traditional sport that is becoming increasingly popular among the Zaraniq tribe on the west coast of Yemen in a desert plain by the Red Sea.
Camels are placed side to side and victory goes to the competitor who leaps, from a running start, over the most camels. The jumpers train year round for competitions.
Tribesmen women may not compete tuck their robes around their waists for freedom of movement while running and leaping. Yemen's biggest sports event was hosting the 20th Arabian Gulf Cup in Aden and Abyan in the southern part of the country on 22 November Many thought Yemen was the strongest competitor, but it was defeated in the first three matches of the tournament.
Internationally, Naseem Hamed , a world champion boxer, is the most well known Yemeni athlete. Among Yemen's natural and cultural attractions are four World Heritage sites.
Surrounded by a fortified wall made of mud and straw, the 16th-century city is one of the oldest examples of urban planning based on the principle of vertical construction.
Sana'a became a major Islamic centre in the 7th century, and the mosques, 14 hammams traditional bathhouses , and more than 6, houses that survive all date from before the 11th century.
Close to the Red Sea Coast, the historic town of Zabid , inscribed in , was Yemen's capital from the 13th to the 15th century, and is an archaeological and historical site.
It played an important role for many centuries because of its university, which was a centre of learning for the whole Arab and Islamic world.
Algebra is said to have been invented there in the early 9th century by the little-known scholar Al-Jazari.
Mentioned by Marco Polo in the 13th century, this remote and isolated archipelago consists of four islands and two rocky islets delineating the southern limit of the Gulf of Aden.
The site has a rich biodiversity. It is home to bird species, species of coral, species of coastal fish, and species of crab and lobster, as well as a range of Aloes and the Dragon's Blood Tree Dracaena cinnabari.
The cultural heritage of Socotra includes the unique Soqotri language. Department of State reports that compulsory attendance is not enforced.
A seven-year project to improve gender equity and the quality and efficiency of secondary education, focusing on girls in rural areas, was approved by the World Bank in March Despite the significant progress Yemen has made to expand and improve its health care system over the past decade, the system remains severely underdeveloped.
Total expenditures on health care in constituted 3. According to the World Bank , the number of doctors in Yemen rose by an average of more than 7 percent between and , but as of there were still only three doctors per 10, persons.
In Yemen had only 0. Health care services are particularly scarce in rural areas. Only 25 percent of rural areas are covered by health services, as compared with 80 percent of urban areas.
Emergency services , such as ambulance service and blood banks , are non-existent. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
This article is about the country in Western Asia. For other uses, see Yemen disambiguation. Country on the Arabian Peninsula.
Arab From the Ottoman Empire. From the United Kingdom. Main article: History of Yemen. See also: Islamic history of Yemen.
Main article: Sulayhid dynasty. Jibla became the capital of the dynasty. Featured is the Queen Arwa Mosque. In dem Bürgerkrieg, bei dem ägyptische Truppen auch chemische Waffen einsetzten, starben Auch der Süden wurde von politischen Unruhen erschüttert.
Während des Bürgerkriegs waren viele linke Nationalisten und Kommunisten nach Aden geflohen. Am Die neue Regierung unter Qahtan Muhammad asch-Scha'abi verfolgte von Beginn an einen sozialistischen Kurs und lehnte sich eng an die Sowjetunion an.
Nach einem Jahr gewann diese Bewegung die Oberhand gegen die Armee. Der sich zuspitzende Gegensatz zwischen den fundamentalistischen schiitischen Stammesföderationen im Nordosten und der überwiegend sunnitischen, modernen, westlichen Strömungen gegenüber aufgeschlossenen Stadtbevölkerung trug zu dem Konflikt bei.
Gleichbedeutend damit war in der Folge das Monopol der Jemenitischen Sozialistischen Partei JSP , einer marxistischen Einheitspartei , sowie ein totales Verbot von traditionell wichtigen Kleinunternehmen.
Der charismatische Ismail trat aus gesundheitlichen Gründen zurück. Ali Nasir Muhammad, ein skrupelloser und fast analphabetischer Apparatschik , übernahm die Macht.
Ismail kehrte nach einer langen Rekonvaleszenz aus Moskau zurück. Bald nach seiner Rückkehr wurde er erneut ins Politbüro der Staatspartei gewählt, wo er eine Mehrheit der Mitglieder hinter sich hatte.
Auch die wirtschaftliche Bindung an den Ostblock verstärkte sich. Januar kam es zu einem Bürgerkrieg, der damit begann, dass Ali Nasir nicht zur Sitzung des Politbüro erschien, sondern seine Leibwächter den Vizepräsidenten Ali Ahmed Antar und vier weitere Mitglieder des Politbüros töteten.
In den folgenden Auseinandersetzungen starben mehrere tausend Menschen, und Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas gelangte an die Macht, während der am Januar abgesetzte Ali Nasir mit Parallel dazu fanden Verhandlungen statt, die eine politische Union der beiden Staaten zum Ziel hatten.
Januar verkündeten die Ministerpräsidenten beider Staaten die Öffnung ihrer gemeinsamen Grenze. Allerdings behielten alle Parteien ihre Truppen, was durch militärische Ausgewogenheit für eine gewisse Stabilität sorgte.
Februar wurde in Amman, Jordanien, ein Abkommen zwischen den politischen Führern des Nord- und Südjemens unterzeichnet, aber dies konnte den Bürgerkrieg zwischen den Beteiligten nicht verhindern, der von Mai bis Juli ausgetragen wurde und mit der Niederlage der südlichen Streitkräfte und der Flucht vieler Jemeniten und Anhänger der Sozialistischen Partei ins Exil endete.
Mai bis zum 7. Juli hatten Menschen ihr Leben verloren. Für den Demokratisierungsprozess war der Bürgerkrieg ein eklatanter Rückschlag.
Die Parlamentswahl im April wurde von den Sozialisten boykottiert, da sie nach dem Bürgerkrieg von in der südjemenitischen Stammwählerschaft diskreditiert waren und aufgrund der Konfiszierung ihrer Konten und Immobilien nach Beendigung des Krieges nicht über die für eine Wahlkampagne nötigen Ressourcen verfügten, so dass Präsident Salih fortan mit einer absoluten Mehrheit ohne die Islah regieren konnte.
September wurde Salih ein fünftes Mal zum Präsidenten gewählt. In nur sechs Jahren war das Land wieder zu einem Einparteienstaat geworden.
Im Februar konnte die Staatspartei ihre Macht mit einer durch ein Referendum abgesicherten dritten Verfassungsreform stärken.
Der Konsultationsrat wurde in eine zweite Kammer umgewandelt Madschlis asch-Schura und die präsidiale Amtszeit dauert nun sieben statt fünf Jahre.
Umgehend wurde der Druck auf die Oppositionsparteien erhöht, obwohl die Regionalwahlen im Februar durch ein Dezentralisierungsgesetz zu pluralistischen Gemeinde- und Regionalräten führten.
Salih selbst kündigte an, dass er bei den nächsten Präsidentschaftswahlen nicht antreten werde. Diese Entscheidung revidierte er im Juni , nachdem in — von seiner Partei organisierten — Massendemonstrationen seine erneute Kandidatur gefordert worden war.
Auch Anschläge im Ausland wurden mit terroristischen Strukturen im Jemen wie al-Qaida auf der arabischen Halbinsel in Verbindung gebracht.
Der militärische Konflikt mit der zaiditischen al-Huthi-Bewegung im Nordjemen, der sich auch auf angrenzende Gouvernements und Saudi-Arabien ausgedehnt hatte, forderte Tausende Todesopfer und trieb schätzungsweise Hussein Badr ed-Din al-Huthi war bereits im September nach einer dreimonatigen Rebellion getötet worden.
Präsident Salih gewährte am September den inhaftierten Anhängern über Personen des schiitischen Predigers Amnestie; allerdings kam es später zu neuen Festnahmen und Verurteilungen, auch zu Todesstrafen.
Auch eine sezessionistische Bewegung im früheren Südjemen ist seit aktiv und führt teilweise blutige Auseinandersetzungen mit regimetreuen Einheiten.
In den letzten Jahren kam es immer wieder zu Entführungen ausländischer Touristen. Diese haben anders als im Irak oder in Afghanistan in der Regel keinen religiösen oder ideologischen Hintergrund.
Dezember wurde der auf einer privaten Reise im Jemen weilende frühere Staatssekretär im Auswärtigen Amt der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Jürgen Chrobog , zusammen mit seiner Familie entführt, aber bereits am Dezember wieder freigelassen.
Dabei handelte es sich um die dritte Entführung von Ausländern innerhalb weniger Wochen. Am Weihnachtswochenende waren zwei Österreicher nach mehrtägiger Entführung freigelassen worden, die Geiselnahme von fünf Italienern am 1.
Januar endete fünf Tage später mit deren Freilassung. Nicht immer verlaufen solche Entführungen harmlos: Am Juni wurden zwei Cousinen in einer Wüstenregion des Nordjemens, wo sie als Krankenschwestern arbeiteten, entführt und wenig später mit auf den Rücken gefesselten Händen erschossen.
Mittels einer spektakulären Flucht gelang es am 3. Februar einer Gruppe von 23 Gefangenen, aus einem Hochsicherheitsgefängnis in Sanaa zu entkommen.
Oktober inhaftiert worden waren. Neun der Ausbrecher konnten bis zum Mai wieder gefasst werden. Einen ungewöhnlichen Weg ging die jemenitische Regierung mit dem von dem Richter al-Hitar geleiteten Umerziehungsprogramm für inhaftierte Islamisten.
Januar zu Demonstrationen. Salih kündigte im November seinen Rücktritt an. Siehe auch : Proteste im Jemen Er erwies sich allerdings als dafür ungeeignet  und verlor bald die Kontrolle über seinen Machtapparat.
Einzelne Generäle kämpfen seit mit ihren Truppen auf eigene Faust. Dem jemenitischen Al-Qaida-Ableger, den die US-Drohnenangriffe nicht wesentlich behindern konnten, gelang es , die Provinzhauptstadt Ibb und westlich davon Mudaichira einzunehmen.
Mitte Oktober sprengte sich ein Selbstmordattentäter in einer Huthi-Versammlung in die Luft und tötete 50 Personen, am Oktober starben weitere 33 Menschen bei einer Bombe in einem Amtshaus.
Die Zentralregierung versucht vergeblich, die Lage zu kontrollieren. Mittlerweile haben sich sunnitische Stammeskämpfer mit der Al-Qaida gegen die Huthi verbündet, und die Kämpfe weiten sich immer mehr aus.
Januar traten Präsident, Premierminister und Kabinett zurück. Februar verkündeten die Huthi-Rebellen eine Übergangsverfassung und erklärten das Parlament für aufgelöst.
Es soll provisorisch durch einen Nationalrat mit Mitgliedern ersetzt werden, ebenso Präsident Hadi für zwei Jahre durch einen fünfköpfigen Präsidentschaftsrat.
März begann eine Militärintervention mit saudi-arabischen Luftangriffen im Jemen unter der Bezeichnung Sturm der Entschlossenheit.
Die Norwegische Flüchtlingshilfe warnte vielfach vor einer akuten Nahrungsmittelknappheit. So sei die Versorgungslinie zum Hafen von al-Hudaida essentiell, da über diesen die meisten Importe abgewickelt werden.
Nach Art. Das Parlament, das Repräsentantenhaus des Jemen ist seit aufgelöst, eine Neuwahl wurde auf unbestimmte Zeit verschoben.
Die letzten Parlamentswahlen vom Vor diesem Hintergrund ist auch das Frauenwahlrecht zu sehen. Jedoch nahm die Zahl von Kandidatinnen für die Parlamentssitze im selben Zeitraum ab.
Frauen wurden von den Parteien zwar als Wählerinnen umworben, waren aber in der aktiven Rolle als Kandidatinnen weniger willkommen.
Das Staatsoberhaupt wird vom Volk gewählt mit der Möglichkeit der einmaligen Wiederwahl. Alle Jemeniten im Alter ab 18 Jahren verfügen über das Wahlrecht.
Präsident Salih amtierte von bis , bis zur Vereinigung nur im Nordjemen. Er wurde für eine Amtszeit von fünf Jahren, unter Protesten der Oppositionsparteien für eine weitere Amtszeit von sieben Jahren wiedergewählt.
Bei der vorgezogenen Präsidentschaftswahl im Jemen wurde dieser am Februar ohne Gegenkandidat als Übergangspräsident für zwei Jahre gewählt.
Für geplante Neuwahlen mit mehreren Kandidaten fanden nicht statt. Hadi trat am Januar zurück und wurde unter Hausarrest gestellt, konnte jedoch am Februar fliehen und trat von seinem Rücktritt zurück.
Im März floh er nach Saudi-Arabien, wo er seitdem lebt. Im gegenwärtigen Bürgerkrieg besteht eine grobe Hauptkonfliktlinie zwischen den Huthi, die von der Hisbollah unterstützt und vom Iran mit Waffen versorgt werden, und ihren Gegnern um den international anerkannten Präsidenten Hadi, die ihre Waffen aus Saudi-Arabien erhalten.
Der im Mai gegründete Südübergangsrat um Aydarua al-Zubaidi will einen unabhängigen Südjemen wiederherstellen und kooperiert mit von den Vereinigten Arabischen Emiraten ausgerüsteten Milizen.
Eine Vielzahl lokaler Milizen und Stammesführer kämpft für ihre eigenen Interessen. Ende kam es zu direkten Gesprächen zwischen den Huthi und Saudi-Arabien über Grenzfragen, worin in der internationalen Gemeinschaft ein möglicher Ansatz für bevorstehende Friedensgespräche gesehen wurde.
Zu ihren Führern gehören der im Exil lebende ehemalige sozialistische südjemenitische Präsident Salim al-Bid, aber auch prominente Islamisten.
Seit Anfang flackern auch in den südlichen Gouvernements des Landes insbesondere Lahedsch , Aden , Abjan gewaltsame Proteste gegen die Vormachtstellung der nordjemenitischen Elite auf.
Die Konflikte nähren Befürchtungen, dass dem Staat die — ohnehin durch die Stammesstrukturen beschränkte — Kontrolle entgleitet und der Jemen wie Afghanistan oder Somalia zu einem gescheiterten Staat werden könnte, der terroristischen Bewegungen Zuflucht bietet.
In diesem Zusammenhang besteht auch die Gefahr, dass al-Qaida-Terroristen aus Somalia und Jemen verstärkt zusammenarbeiten.
Dennoch beschränkt die mangelnde Ausstattung und Korruptionsanfälligkeit der Sicherheitsorgane in einem geographisch weit ausgedehnten und zunehmend armen Land die Interventionsmöglichkeiten des Staates.
Das Parlament ist gesetzgebendes Organ, die Judikative autonom. Nur die Verhängung der Todesstrafe erfordert laut Verfassung die Genehmigung des Staatspräsidenten, der gleichzeitig dem aufsichtsführenden Kontrollgremium über die Gerichtsorganisation vorsteht.
Der Islam ist Staatsreligion , es gilt die Scharia. Das Schutzalter , von dem ab eine Person juristisch als einwilligungsfähig bezüglich sexueller Handlungen angesehen wird, wurde von ehemals 15 Jahren auf den Beginn der Pubertät gesenkt, womit im Jemen im Regelfall ein Alter von neun Jahren gemeint ist.
Ende Februar beschloss das jemenitische Parlament ein Gesetz, das das Mindestalter für Heiraten auf 17 Jahre festlegt.
Gegen dieses Gesetz wandte sich eine Gruppe prominenter religiöser Persönlichkeiten des Jemen, die es als unvereinbar mit der Scharia bezeichneten.
Homosexuelle Handlungen stehen unter Strafe. Der Jemen gehört zu den Staaten, in denen die Beschneidung weiblicher Genitalien praktiziert wird.
Bei der Rangliste der Pressefreiheit , welche von Reporter ohne Grenzen herausgegeben wird, belegte der Jemen Platz von Ländern. In Jemen sitzt ein Journalist in Haft.
Nachweislich steht der Tod des Opfers in direktem Zusammenhang mit seiner journalistischen Tätigkeit. Jemen will Mitglied des Golf-Kooperationsrates werden.
Der Jemen beschuldigt den Iran , den Aufstand der jemenitischen Schiiten im eigenen Interesse zu unterstützen. Die Vereinigten Staaten und den Jemen verbindet der Anti-Terrorkampf, aber die Beziehungen sind immer wieder belastet.
Yemen is in Western Asia. It is on the southern half of the Arabian Peninsula. Many of the islands are volcanic. For example, Jabal al-Tair had a volcanic eruption in and before that in The highest point in Yemen is Jabal an Nabi Shu'ayb.
Yemen is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the Arab World. As a result of the — Yemeni uprising , the constitution of Yemen was rewritten.
New elections were to be held in Some areas are controlled by armed militant groups. War continued, with Saudi Arabia and Iran supporting different sides.
As of February , Yemen is divided into twenty governorates and one municipality called "Amanat Al-Asemah". The governorates are divided into districts.
The districts are divided into 2, sub-districts, and then into 38, villages as of Yemen has about 24 million people according to June estimates.
Yemenis are mainly of Arab origin. According to estimates, life expectancy in Yemen is Football is the most popular sport in Yemen.
The country also hosts many football clubs that compete in the national or international leagues. Yemen's mountains have many opportunities for outdoor sports, such as rock climbing , hill climbing , skiing , and hiking.
The coast of Yemen and Socotra island have opportunities for water sports, such as surfing , sailing , swimming , and scuba diving. Socotra island is one of the best surfing places in the world.
Yemen's biggest sports event was hosting the Gulf Cup of Nations. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.They held sway mainly in the southern coastal region, particularly around Zabid, Mochaand Aden. Allerdings behielten alle Parteien ihre Truppen, was durch militärische Ausgewogenheit für eine gewisse Stabilität sorgte. Pokern Online Yemeni army launched Tricky W Stargames fresh offensive against the Shia insurgents inassisted by Saudi forces. Pompeo: Iranian-backed Houthi militia attacks threaten the security of the region. The Daily Telegraph. Jahrhundert und Rasuliden Wörterbücher Meist Gespielte Spiel. Hierfür sind verschiedene verschreibungspflichtige Medikamente z. Amtssprache ist Hocharabisch. Auch Deutschland muss sich angesprochen fühlen, meint Rainer Sollich. Der letzte persische Statthalter, Badham, wurde Muslim. Jemen durch meine Augen sehen. Kings Casino Poker Erlaubnis, sagt er, könne er nicht einmal mehr aufs Klo gehen. An der Westküste handelt es sich weitgehend um Winternebel, an der Südostküste um Sommernebel. Teilweise finden sich Zeugen von früherem Vulkanismus; so liegt etwa Adendie einstige Hauptstadt der Demokratischen Volksrepublik Jemen Südjemenin einem Doppelkrater.